What is Laravel :
Laravel is best PHP framework for web application development.It serves as a robust framework to build applications speedily. Laravel has profoundly reformed front-end development with its model-view-controller (MVC) architecture pattern.
Composer is an application-level package manager for the PHP programming language that provides a standard format for managing dependencies of PHP software and required libraries.
Artisan is the Command line interface used in Laravel is called Artisan. It is a CLI tool for Laravel, which helps a programmer to minimise the manual tasks like creating .php files. Its also helps in migration, routing, scheduling etc.
I)Displaying Your Current Laravel Version.
php artisan --version
II)Listing All Available Commands.
php artisan list
iii)Generate Controller and Model.
php artisan make:controller [Name]Controller
php artisan make:model ModelName
MVC is an acronym for ‘Model View Controller’. It represents architecture developers adopt when building applications. MVC is a software architecture that separates domain/application/business logic from the rest of the user interface. It does this by separating the application into three parts: the model, the view, and the controller..
What is Middleware ?
Laravel uses middleware by default to handle encrypting/decrypting and queueing cookies, and reading and writing sessions, but you can also use it to add any sort of layer you'd like to your request/response cycle: rate limiting, custom request parsing, and much more. middleware is a series of wrappers around your application that decorate the requests and the responses in a way that isn't a part of your application logic